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Originalan naučni rad– Original scientific paper

ORIGANUM HERACLEOTICUM L. AND ORIGANUM VULGARE L. SEEDS GERMINATION STIMULATORS

By
Vladimir Filipović ,
Vladimir Filipović

Institute for Medicinal Plants Research ˝Dr Josif Pančić˝, Belgrade, Serbia

Vera Popović ,
Vera Popović

Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia

Milica Aćimović ,
Milica Aćimović

Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade, Serbia

Tatjana Marković ,
Tatjana Marković

Institute for Medicinal Plants Research ˝Dr Josif Pančić˝, Belgrade, Serbia

Rade Protić
Rade Protić

Faculty for Economy and Engineering Management, University Business Academy, Novi Sad, Serbia

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of gibberellic acid (GA3), herbal preparation (LAB1) and the pre-cooling treatment (Ph) on seed germination of Origanum heracleoticum L. and Origanum vulgare L. As a control variant, seed treatment with distilled water was used. The highest germination energy (EK), germination after 14 days (14D) and total germination values (UK) were achieved with seeds of O. heracleoticum treated with 400 ppm GA3 (50.3%, 57.3% and 64.8%, respectively) and the lowest values were observed with 3-day pre-cooling treatment (28.3%, 28.8% and 28.8%, respectively). The highest values for all seed quality parameters for O. vulgare were achieved by the treatment with the highest GA3 concentration, 1000 ppm (60.0%, 67.0% and 74.8%, respectively), while the lowest germination values were recorded in 4-day pre-cooling treatment (26.0%, 26.8% and 27.5%, respectively). Overall, higher germination was observed in seeds of O. vulgare. The best germination stimulitor for both species proved to be gibberellic acid (GA3), a hormone of plant origin, followed by the herbal preparation (LAB1), then the control variant (DW) and, as the most unfavourable to stimulate germination proved to be pre-cooling treatment (Ph), which had no impact on the increase of seed germination.


 

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