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Stručni rad – Professional paper

ORGANIC MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS PRODUCTION IN REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

By
Jelena Golijan
Jelena Golijan

Faculty of Agriculture, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia

Abstract

In developed countries around the world, the tendency of spreading and demand for medicinal raw materilars that originate from organically produced oil grows from year to year, with maximal compatibility with the laws of nature. This means such type of production, that will not violate the natural balance of surrounding environment, also maintaining salubrity of obtained derivatives that won’t be contaminated by harmful materials. Because of these facts, predictions are that the whole production of medicinal and aromatic plants will be directed towards production that will be in accordance with organic methods of production in accordance with law, in the future. In Republic of Serbia there is still small number of producers that offer sufficient amount of medicinal plants for exporting. Organic production of the medicinal and aromatic plants in Serbia in the year of 2015 was spread across the area of 70,94 ha, which is the smallest area when compared to areas that are used for organic production of cereals, fruits, vegetables, industrial and fodder plants. By each passing year the sector of organic production grows continuously, so the areas covered with each type of crops keep gorwing, and so the production of medicinal and aromatic plants also has tendency of growth. In comparison, for the past year, those areas are larger by 100,01 ha. Southern and Eastern Serbia are the regions where the areas covered with this type of plant production are located, with a share of 40,31 ha in total, while the Vojvodina region, with a share of 30,33 ha, is at the second place. Lavender (23,45 ha), mustard (20,39 ha), immortelle (9,95 ha), balm (6,67 ha), cumin (4,03 ha), marigold (1,08 ha) and coriander (0,89 ha) are plant types with the biggest share in organic production of the medicinal and aromatic plants. Although the need for this type of organically produced plants keeps growing on the global market, domestic producers, in spite of favorable natural conditions, are still failing to secure sufficient amount of these plants.


 

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